Vlasinsko Lake - The nature you would like to take home

Vlasinsko Lake - The nature you would like to take home

Things to do - general

Amazing nature, pure air that makes you want to breathe with full lung capacity, incredible water that you would like to bring home with you, and great sleep for charging your batteries.

Vlasinsko Lake is located in south-east Serbia. It lies on a slightly wavy old fluvial surface which has altitude of 1200 m. Lake is surrounded by huge rock mountains – Cemernik (1638 m), Vardenik (1875 m), Miljevske Mountains (1737 m) and Gramada (1719 m).

It is the largest artificial lake in Serbia. Natural beauties and rarities in this area such as mountains, gorges, waterfalls, springs, rivers, flora and fauna, as well as the benevolent influence of mountain climate and quiet nature make this place ideal for staying in different periods of the year.

Spacious and attractive, Vlasinsko Lake was created by the construction of the dam at the point where the river flowed from Vlasina peat called Vlasinsko mud. Due to the flooding of peat and the high altitude, Vlasinsko Lake has a number of characteristics, which has long ago attracted the attention of researchers.

Vlasinska peat was in its time of existence the largest of its kind in Serbia. It was unique in the Balkans for its several characteristics – hydrographic regime, water balance and the living world.

vlasinsko-jezero-breze - vlasinsko lake

Even today you can see floating islands, some of them are of considerable size and are a great attraction for tourists as a rare natural phenomenon in the world.

By raising the water during the filling of the lake, a peat with thickness of 30 cm to one meter was lifted from the bottom, forming large floating islands of the same material. There are only a few similar lakes in the world. At high water level these islands are simply lifted from the bottom and then can float freely from one to the other side, depending on the intensity and wind direction.

Accumulation of the lake was formed on 09th of April 1949. The construction of the dam 34m high, 239 m long, at the end of the river Vlasina from Vlasina mud. Filling the lake basin water lasted until 1954. At that time Vlasinsko lake reached a volume of 168 million m3 of water and water surface area of 16.5 km2.

Coast of the lake is very diversified, and its shape is constantly changing. There are many bays, coves, peninsulas and capes. The lake is elongated from south to north with a length over 9 km and has a shape of an irregular ellipse. The length of the coastline is 132.5 km. The maximum width of the lake is 3.5 km, and maximum depth is 22 m.

vlasinsko jezero - vlasinsko lake

Along the eastern part of the coast there are two islands: Dugi del – larger and Stratorija – less. The most prominent peninsulas are Pejcin klad, Zamoga an Jovkin hrid. On the island of Dugi del there is a sandy beach which is very attractive for all-day excursions by boat, while the peninsulas Pejcin klad and Jankov hrid are rich with fish which is of great importance to the fishermen. The lake’s water is extremely clean and belongs to a first-class by microbial properties.

The particular significance the lake has in terms of health, because of the climate that is especially beneficial for anemic people. On the Vlasinsko Lake you can substantially improve your blood picture, thanks to air quality and altitude. Based on tests with people who have stayed over 10 days, it was found an increase in red blood cells and increase in hemoglobin.

The lake is a significant power potential of Serbia, but also poly functional hydro facility, and as such provides the conditions for the development of different types of tourism, especially sport and recreation, spa, health tourism (due to clean air and water, untouched nature and the landscape that influence the sedative psyche of each visitor), hunting, fishing and many other types of tourism that take place in accordance with sustainable and non-degrading relationship with one of the few areas of unspoiled nature, which is becoming less and fewer in this material society.

Nature

Flora

Flora of this region is characterized by rare and endangered species such as the bent - one of the few carnivorous inhabited in Serbia and hairy birch, adapted to the conditions of life at high altitudes.

Vlasinska plateau is famous for its natural forests of birch. In this location they are known as Metlika, named so because of Metlikari  hamlet where are the biggest examples of  these trees. From there, in the past two to three decades, were widespread on all sides of this small area, and even beyond.

The peat and half-peat, in the river valley plain, grow grasses such as: swamp buttercup, horsetail, close-up dandelion, mint and shrubbery. On the drier terrain, not far from the coast, exist meadow grass wild clover (yellow and red), a tiny dandelion, catnip, etc..

At the higher terrain, away from the coast, the hills and slopes are covered with fields of medicinal plants. The best known species, interesting in terms of tourism and recreational collection of wild meadow fruit, medicinal and aromatic plants are:

Blueberries - which is widespread and whose fruit is used to improve blood counts and leaf tea for diarrhea and for refreshment;
Horsetail - whole plant is used for tea against wounds, ulcers and coughing;
St. John's wort - the upper part of the tea plant against digestive disorders, and with oil for healing wounds and ulcers;
- Elder - used for tea against lung disease and for cleansing the body;
Red hawthorn - the fruit is used for tea against nerve and heart problems;
Thyme - flower tea is used against nervous tension.

The most interesting and most characteristic plant of this region is bent. It is a perennial plant up to 30 cm which is carnivorous and that shortage of salt, nitrogen and phosphorus in the soil makes up by chasing small arthropods with specially adapted leaves. Unfortunately, the intense negative anthropogenic impacts (flooding much of the peat, building homes, pave roads, land reclamation and grazing) have caused the disappearance and bent’s withdrawal from the area.

 

Fauna

 

The lake water is extremely clean with first-class purity. By examining the composition and structure of zooplankton, 54 species were registered. Compared to other artificial lakes in Serbia, Vlasinsko Lake has more varied wildlife bottom.

The study also found the existence of 11 animal groups in the lake benthos micro fauna. Ichthyo fauna is represented by 16 species from five families. Trout and barbel fish are native species, and the rest are non-indigenous: Ohridska trout, white carp, tench, carp, carp, perch, trout and others. Today, in the lake are dominant perch and carp.

The diversity of habitats on Vlasina (peat meadow, streams, lakes, beech and birch trees ,...) allow the presence of about 120 indigenous species of birds belonging to the type of the mountain, mostly deciduous forests, as well as those from geographically remote areas. Some of them are Blue HeronsStorksDuck gluvaraCrested DuckZujavacGrivas birdWild Canary, etc.. Floating islands with their specific vegetation are important habitat, nesting and migration of certain resort of birds that come in winter or spring.

Favorable living conditions and mosaic ecosystem host high numbers of mammals, of which 27 species were registered. Squirrelbank voleground squirrel and otter are just some of the protected species as natural rarities which are on the list of rare and endangered fauna representatives of Serbia.

How Vlasinsko Lake and surrounding waterways give pleasure to fishermen, as well so Vlasinska plateau attracts hunters. Hunting Association "Vrla" from Surdulica is managing hunting area that covers over 62,000 hectares.

The hunting ground is mostly mountainous and inhabited by wild boarroe deerhareswolvesfoxeswild cats and so on. Hunting Association "Vrla" one of the few that can boast a long tradition hunts wolves.

All types of ungulates, red deer, roe deer and wild boar hunting on Vlasina represent hunting game, and the management of their populations is done systematically, mainly in hunting, and number are regulated by closed season.

 

Unfortunately there are no accommodations at this location at the moment.

Unfortunately there are no tour offers at this location at the moment.

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