Vlasinsko Lake - The nature you would like to take home
Amazing nature, pure air that makes you want to breathe with full lung capacity, incredible water that you would like to bring home with you, and great sleep for charging your batteries.
Vlasinsko Lake is located in south-east Serbia. It lies on a slightly wavy old fluvial surface which has altitude of 1200 m. Lake is surrounded by huge rock mountains – Cemernik (1638 m), Vardenik (1875 m), Miljevske Mountains (1737 m) and Gramada (1719 m).
It is the largest artificial lake in Serbia. Natural beauties and rarities in this area such as mountains, gorges, waterfalls, springs, rivers, flora and fauna, as well as the benevolent influence of mountain climate and quiet nature make this place ideal for staying in different periods of the year.
Spacious and attractive, Vlasinsko Lake was created by the construction of the dam at the point where the river flowed from Vlasina peat called Vlasinsko mud. Due to the flooding of peat and the high altitude, Vlasinsko Lake has a number of characteristics, which has long ago attracted the attention of researchers.
Vlasinska peat was in its time of existence the largest of its kind in Serbia. It was unique in the Balkans for its several characteristics – hydrographic regime, water balance and the living world.
Even today you can see floating islands, some of them are of considerable size and are a great attraction for tourists as a rare natural phenomenon in the world.
By raising the water during the filling of the lake, a peat with thickness of 30 cm to one meter was lifted from the bottom, forming large floating islands of the same material. There are only a few similar lakes in the world. At high water level these islands are simply lifted from the bottom and then can float freely from one to the other side, depending on the intensity and wind direction.
Accumulation of the lake was formed on 09th of April 1949. The construction of the dam 34m high, 239 m long, at the end of the river Vlasina from Vlasina mud. Filling the lake basin water lasted until 1954. At that time Vlasinsko lake reached a volume of 168 million m3 of water and water surface area of 16.5 km2.
Coast of the lake is very diversified, and its shape is constantly changing. There are many bays, coves, peninsulas and capes. The lake is elongated from south to north with a length over 9 km and has a shape of an irregular ellipse. The length of the coastline is 132.5 km. The maximum width of the lake is 3.5 km, and maximum depth is 22 m.
Along the eastern part of the coast there are two islands: Dugi del – larger and Stratorija – less. The most prominent peninsulas are Pejcin klad, Zamoga an Jovkin hrid. On the island of Dugi del there is a sandy beach which is very attractive for all-day excursions by boat, while the peninsulas Pejcin klad and Jankov hrid are rich with fish which is of great importance to the fishermen. The lake’s water is extremely clean and belongs to a first-class by microbial properties.
The particular significance the lake has in terms of health, because of the climate that is especially beneficial for anemic people. On the Vlasinsko Lake you can substantially improve your blood picture, thanks to air quality and altitude. Based on tests with people who have stayed over 10 days, it was found an increase in red blood cells and increase in hemoglobin.
The lake is a significant power potential of Serbia, but also poly functional hydro facility, and as such provides the conditions for the development of different types of tourism, especially sport and recreation, spa, health tourism (due to clean air and water, untouched nature and the landscape that influence the sedative psyche of each visitor), hunting, fishing and many other types of tourism that take place in accordance with sustainable and non-degrading relationship with one of the few areas of unspoiled nature, which is becoming less and fewer in this material society.