Bor

Bor

Things to do - general

Bor is synonymous with copper. Bor and copper are two inseparable terms whch are the basis of the development and life of thousands of people.

Bor – a town of mining and metallurgy, a town of copper, is located in the Carpatho-Balkan region of the south-east Serbia.

The municipality of Bor, with the area of 856 km2, is among the largest municipalities in Serbia, but with a less numerous population of 60 000. There are 12 rural settlements within the municipality of Bor (Brestovac, Zlot, Slatina, Krivelj, Donja Bela Reka, Metovnica, Šarbanovac, Oštrelj, Gornjane, Bučje, Luka i Tanda).

It is also the home to one of the largest copper mines in Europe.

Bor is synonymous with copper. Bor and copper are two inseparable terms with a lot of mutual interdependence; they have been the basis of the development and life of thousands of people from the ancient times to the present and future days. 

Nature was generous here, and people have almost always been able to find a way to melt the copper out of the rocks, and turn it into tools or weapons, or incorporate it into a number of devices and machines.

The abundance of mineral resources is a result of complex geological history. The area of Bor is characterized by turbulent and complex geological history. Rocks of various ages and petrographic compositiontectonic folding and faulting, penetrations, and effluents of volcanic formations and complex evolutional phases of formation of the relief make this area quite interesting. Especially since the complexity of the geological and tectonic relations is the main prerequisite for the appearance of metal ores and non-metallic materials, construction and decorative minerals, and thermo-mineral springs.

The ore deposits in Bor were discovered in the autumn of 1902, after nearly a decade of research in the eastern Serbia, organized by Felix Hoffman on behalf of the industrialist Đorđe Vajfert.

The discovery itself has been associated with the the engineer by the name of Franjo Šistek. He realized that the ore is very rich with copper, containing up to 19.4%. On October 13, 1903, Đorđe Vajfert got a concession for the opening and exploitation of mines in the municipalities of Bor, Krivelj and Oštrelj. Not long after (on May 31, 1904), Vajfert transferred the concession rights to a French bank that established a special company for the exploitation of the site.

There are a number of significant nature reserves and interesting tourist centers in the vicinity of the town.

In addition to Zlot caves and Brestovačka spa, there’s Bor lake, Crni vrh and Stol mountains, hunting grounds of Dubašnica, and youth resort Savača.

These centers have good transportation connections to Bor and offer a variety of tourist and recreational activities: hunting and fishing, skiing and mountain tourism, bathing tourism.

At Bor lake, there’s a big campsite and hotel “Jezero”. At Crni vrh, there are ski runs and a mountaineering home, and a luxurious Hyatt Regency hotel is under construction (although, the construction works have been abandoned for several years due to unresolved ownership issues). At Stol mountain, a famous meeting place for mountaineers and hunters, there is also a mountaineering home.

Recently, Bor has got a fresh and more appealing look. The facades of buildings have been repainted, and some parts of the town are being redecorated. Bor got a couple of new roundabouts, fountains and several cultural and artistic monuments and statues.

Due to the unusual landscape in the vicinity of the mining facilities, various film crews have increasing interest in filming in Bor. Some of the recent works are “Tilva Rosh”“Tears for Sale”“White, White World “, etc., along with numerous documentaries. The town of copper is slowly becoming the city of film. The “Zvezda” cinema has a long tradition, and also often hosts theatrical performances and similar events.

Culture and history

According to insufficiently verified data, the oldest findings from Bor and its surroundings belong to the end of the Vinca culture. These are primarily the findings from the old mines in Bor, Tilva Roš and from Rgotina.

It is important to note the site of Rudna Glava and Dnevni kop, which is the oldest prehistoric mine in the central Balkansdating back to the IV millennium BC.

Bor and the surroundings shared the fate of the better part of Europe on the turn of the new era. This area was under the Roman rule. By winning our region, the Romans gained control over the natural resources, especially mining resources.

Therefore, the settlements established in the territory of Bor were in their nature mining and metallurgy settlements.

From the fourth to the sixth century, the town was part of the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantium). In the Middle Ages, the territory of Bor was under the rule of Emperor Dušan, but after the battle Nikopoljske in 1436, the area falls to the Turks, and becomes a part of the Sanjak of Vidin.

The start the First Serbian Uprising did not have an impact on Timocka Krajina, at least not until 1805 when organized fightings begin. In 1806, Hajduk Veljko Petrovic steps up into the war scene. After the expulsion of the Turks, the rebel government is established. In 1813 the uprising in crashed and Turkish rule is restored.

The Second Serbian Uprising covered the territory of Belgrade pashaluk and had no influence on events in Timocka Krajina.

The area of Timocka Krajina was under Turkish rule until 1833, when a rebellion starts, and leads to the final liberation from the Turks.

After the liberation, Prince Miloš was actively involved in resolving the issues in this part of Serbia. He stayed in Brestovacka Spa, where he built his guest house (1837). At his invitation, the spa waters were examined by baron Herder, who determined that the waters of Brestovacka Banja spa have extreme healing properties; in addition to that, he carried out the tests in Bor and found out that a significant amount mineral resources lies underneath the town. However, works have not been initiated for opening a mine.

Beside the Prince's guest house, buildings to accommodate other guests were built, and in 1856, Prince Aleksandar Karadjordjevic built his palace there.

Although Baron Herder established the existence of significant mineral wealth in 1835, the mine was not opened. It had to wait until 1903, after the period of research funded by Djordje Vajfert, which took place under the direction of an engineer named Šistek.

The establishment of the mine was a key factor for the development of Bor and its surroundings. Since then, Bor has started to rapidly develop and grow. In the period from 1933 to 1940, Bor got a new neighborhood - Nova kolonija, new hospital and school were built, and the mine has grown into one of the largest in Europe.

With the development of mining, the town developed too. Population increased, and other factories were build to accompany the mine.

Then, somewhat later, other branches of industry started to develop as well. The town reached its economic peak in the 1980s, when there was an enterprise that had offices in Germany and the United States. Bor gets large and modern facilities: Arts and Culture CentreHealth Center, Sports Center, new urban neighborhoods, hotel "Jezero" on Bor lake, sports airport. In the period from 1981-1991, 2679 apartments were built in Bor, and the town expanded towards the south and southwest – towards Brestovac and Brestovacka Spa.

In the 1990s, with the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the enterprise gets in a difficult economic situation, that will continue until 2010. Between the 2000 and 2010 a series of actions were carried out – projects in cooperation with other companies from home and abroad – in order to try and reach the economic stability.

Hotel Albo

Hotel Albo

Nade Dimić bb, Bor
Hotel Albo features a restaurant serving traditional local specialties, a coffee shop and a summer g More info

Unfortunately there are no tour offers at this location at the moment.

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