Bor is synonymous with copper. Bor and copper are two inseparable terms whch are the basis of the development and life of thousands of people.
Bor – a town of mining and metallurgy, a town of copper, is located in the Carpatho-Balkan region of the south-east Serbia.
The municipality of Bor, with the area of 856 km2, is among the largest municipalities in Serbia, but with a less numerous population of 60 000. There are 12 rural settlements within the municipality of Bor (Brestovac, Zlot, Slatina, Krivelj, Donja Bela Reka, Metovnica, Šarbanovac, Oštrelj, Gornjane, Bučje, Luka i Tanda).
It is also the home to one of the largest copper mines in Europe.
Bor is synonymous with copper. Bor and copper are two inseparable terms with a lot of mutual interdependence; they have been the basis of the development and life of thousands of people from the ancient times to the present and future days.
Nature was generous here, and people have almost always been able to find a way to melt the copper out of the rocks, and turn it into tools or weapons, or incorporate it into a number of devices and machines.
The abundance of mineral resources is a result of complex geological history. The area of Bor is characterized by turbulent and complex geological history. Rocks of various ages and petrographic composition, tectonic folding and faulting, penetrations, and effluents of volcanic formations and complex evolutional phases of formation of the relief make this area quite interesting. Especially since the complexity of the geological and tectonic relations is the main prerequisite for the appearance of metal ores and non-metallic materials, construction and decorative minerals, and thermo-mineral springs.
The ore deposits in Bor were discovered in the autumn of 1902, after nearly a decade of research in the eastern Serbia, organized by Felix Hoffman on behalf of the industrialist Đorđe Vajfert.
The discovery itself has been associated with the the engineer by the name of Franjo Šistek. He realized that the ore is very rich with copper, containing up to 19.4%. On October 13, 1903, Đorđe Vajfert got a concession for the opening and exploitation of mines in the municipalities of Bor, Krivelj and Oštrelj. Not long after (on May 31, 1904), Vajfert transferred the concession rights to a French bank that established a special company for the exploitation of the site.
There are a number of significant nature reserves and interesting tourist centers in the vicinity of the town.
In addition to Zlot caves and Brestovačka spa, there’s Bor lake, Crni vrh and Stol mountains, hunting grounds of Dubašnica, and youth resort Savača.
These centers have good transportation connections to Bor and offer a variety of tourist and recreational activities: hunting and fishing, skiing and mountain tourism, bathing tourism.
At Bor lake, there’s a big campsite and hotel “Jezero”. At Crni vrh, there are ski runs and a mountaineering home, and a luxurious Hyatt Regency hotel is under construction (although, the construction works have been abandoned for several years due to unresolved ownership issues). At Stol mountain, a famous meeting place for mountaineers and hunters, there is also a mountaineering home.
Recently, Bor has got a fresh and more appealing look. The facades of buildings have been repainted, and some parts of the town are being redecorated. Bor got a couple of new roundabouts, fountains and several cultural and artistic monuments and statues.
Due to the unusual landscape in the vicinity of the mining facilities, various film crews have increasing interest in filming in Bor. Some of the recent works are “Tilva Rosh”, “Tears for Sale”, “White, White World “, etc., along with numerous documentaries. The town of copper is slowly becoming the city of film. The “Zvezda” cinema has a long tradition, and also often hosts theatrical performances and similar events.